Rotuurhapeilineuroonioteorian sanoma on yksinkertainen: ”Rotumurhaa! Tai tule itse rotumuhatuksi!”

Hän antaa myös ymmärtää että tämä oli NATO:n ideologia. Se ei ole totta. NATO:n ideologia on PETRODOLLARI, jonka ”arvon” NATO sotilaallisesti vahvistaa. Se on RIISTON väline, ja kaikkien omaisuuksien hankkimisen väline yksiin käsiin. Omaisuu- den tehtävä on tuottaa uutta omaisuutta, ja sitä ei oikein tapahdu, jollei ole väkeä., halpaa työvoimaa. NATOkin on II maailmansodan voittajien eikä hävinneiden järjestö.

Nicke vetoaa tämän ”alan” ”auktoriteetteihin”, joiden tieto on alkeellisella tavalla väärennettyä. Tämä on erään (pää)ideologian opillinen kulmakivi, jonka tunnustajista sitä nimeä voi ja PITÄÄKIN käyttää. Hän on seonnut.

http://nilstorvalds.puheenvuoro.uusisuomi.fi/247671-askel-eteenpain-ja-tyhjaan

Askel eteenpäin – ja tyhjään…

Käyttäjän nilstorvalds kuva

Nils Torvalds

Helsinki

RKP:n europarlamentaarikko. Kolmannen polven journalisti. Innokas keskustelija – mutta asiasta. Viime aikoina harrastanut ennenkaikkea talouskriisin syitä ja seurauksia. Toimittanut aiheesta kirjasen joka ilmestyy lsekä ruotsiksi että suomeksi.

Suurten ikäluokkien lapsi. Viiden lasten isä ja kohta kuuden isoisä.

Viimeinen vaalitentti (YLE 14.12.) ennen kuin joulurauha laskeutuu, oli aika hyvä. An- dersson ja Vaaherkumpu osasivat asiansa ja tematiikka oli järkevästi ajateltu. Heistä huolimatta rytmitystä ja aiheesta toiseen siirtymistä häiritsi sen jälkeen politiikkojen helmasynnit: asiassa pysymisen heikkous ja paasaus.

Eräs asia tuli kuitenkin – toivottavasti – selväksi: Lissabon-sopimuksen artikla 42.7 ei käytännössä anna toimivia turvatakuita.

Allan Rosaksen ja Lorna Armatin ”EU Constitutional Law – An Introduction” (toinen painos) toteaa näin: ”Sopimuksen 42:n artiklan toinen pykälä tekee selväksi, että yh- teinen puolustuspolitiikka on yhä lastenkengissä ja että mikä tahansa muutos yhtei- sen puolustuksen suuntaan toteutuu ainoastaan Euroopan neuvoston yksimielisen päätöksen kautta, jota sen jälkeen pitää vahvistaa kunkin maan perustuslaillisten vaatimusten mukaisesti.”

Kaikki väittämät, että 42.7 antaisi jonkun toimivan turvallisuustakeen on siis tyhjän päällä. Tämä on mielenkiintoista, koska aikaisemmissa keskusteluissa ehdokas Sauli Niinistö rakensi turvallisuuspoliittisen konstruktionsa juuri tämän horjuvan alustan päälle.

Kun minä torstaisessa keskustelussa totesin, ettei 42.7 anna mitään,ehdokas Niinistö kommentoi, että ”jos näin on Suomi, rikkoi kyseistä artiklaa antaessaan Ranskalle apua”.

Väite ei pidä paikkaansa. Juuri johtuen siitä, ettei EU:lla ole yhteisiä sotajoukkoja eikä toimivaa päätöksentekomekanismia, ei ollut myöskään mahdollista 42.7:n pohjalta ryhtyä tositoimiin. Puheet artiklasta olivat siis poliittisia korulauseita ja kaikkinainen apu Ranskalle annettiin kahdenvälisillä sopimuksilla.

Väittely 42.7:stä on kuitenkin meille kaikille terveellinen paluu todellisuuteen.

• EU ei pysty antamaan todellisia turvatakeita.

• EU:sta ei myöskään kovin helpolla eikä lähiaikoina (jos koskaan) kehity puolustusliittoa

Nämä tosiseikat ovat tärkeitä myös torstaisen keskustelun toisen polun arvioimisessa. Ehdokkaat Paavo Väyrynen ja Laura Huhtasaari toistivat toistamiseen, että EU on hy- vää vauhtia kehittymässä ylikansalliseksi federatiiviseksi supervaltioksi. Perusteluna käytettiin taas SPD:n puheenjohtajan Martin Schulzin twiittiä.

Maailma vilisee kehnosti muotoiltuja twiittejä ja Schulz on tässä(kin?) aika huonossa seurassa. Pääasia on kuitenkin, ettei väite tästä syntymässä olevasta supervaltiosta pidä paikkaansa. Juuri tästä syystä meidän tulee harkita miksi tällainen epätosi (fake news) väite esitetään.

Luen parhaillaan John Barghin kirjaa ”Before You Know It”. Bargh on Yalen yliopiston psykologian professori ja käsittelee kirjassaan alitajunnan automaattisia reaktioita. Meidän ajatus-DNAssa piilee voimakkaita pelkoreaktioita. Ne toimivat alitajunnan kautta, ja näyttelevät juuri sen tähden huomattavaa osaa maailmankuvan rakentumisessa.

Väyrynen ja Huhtasaari leikkivät näillä pelkoreaktioiden alitajuisilla radoilla. Niillä on leikitty aikaisemminkin ja nämä leikit johtavat hyvin helposti erittäin vastenmielisiin ideologisiin rakenteisiin. Toivon siitä syystä hartaasti ettei vaalipäätöksiä tehdä tällaisten ajatusmörköjen pohjalta.

Miten olisi tunnuslause ”Make Finland sivistynyt again”?

Nils Torvalds

https://books.google.fi/books/about/Before_You_Know_It.html?id=GSitDQAAQBAJ&redir_esc=y

Before You Know It: The Unconscious Reasons We Do What We Do

Etukansi

Random House, 19.10.2017 – 352 sivua

‘John Bargh’s Before You Know It moves our understanding of the mysteries of human behaviour one giant step forward. A brilliant and convincing book.’ – Malcolm Gladwell, author of Blink and David and Goliath

The world’s leading expert on the unconscious mind reveals the hidden mental processes that secretly govern every aspect of our behaviour.

For more than three decades, Dr John Bargh has been conducting revolutionary research into the unconscious mind – not Freud’s dark, malevolent unconscious but a helpful and powerful part of the mind that we can access and understand through experimental science. Now, Dr Bargh presents an engaging and enlightening tour of the influential psychological forces that are at work as we go about our daily lives – checking a dating app, holding a cup of hot coffee or getting a flu jab.

Dr Bargh takes you into his labs at New York University and Yale, where his ingenious experiments have shown how the unconscious guides our behaviour, goals and moti- vations in areas like race relations, parenting, business, consumer behaviour and addiction. He reveals the pervasive influence of the unconscious mind in who we choose to date or vote for, what we buy, where we live, how we perform on tests and in job interviews, and much more. Before You Know It is full of surprising and entertai- ning revelations as well as tricks to help you remember to-do items, shop smarter and sleep better.

Before You Know It will profoundly change the way you understand yourself by intro-ducing you to a fascinating world only recently discovered, the world that exists below the surface of your awareness and yet is the key to unlocking new ways of thinking, feeling and behaving.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bargh

John A.Bargh (/ˈbɑːr/;born 1955) is a social psychologist currently working at Yale University, where he has formed the Automaticity in Cognition, Motivation, and Evalu- ation (ACME) Laboratory.Bargh’s work focuses on automaticity and unconscious pro- cessing as a method to better understand social behavior,as well as philosophical to- pics such as free will.Much of Bargh’s work investigates whether behaviors thought to be under volitional control may result from automatic interpretations of and reactions to external stimuli, such as words.

Bargh is particularly famous for his demonstrations of priming affecting action. One of the most well-known of these studies reported that reading words related to elderli- ness (e.g., ”Florida”, ”Bingo”) caused subjects to walk slower when exiting the labora- tory, compared to subjects who read words unrelated to the elderly. [1] Though cited almost 4,000 times, [2] controversy has emerged because several recent studies failed to replicate the finding. [3][4] Starting in 2013 and 2014, many additional reports began to emerge of failures to replicate findings from Bargh’s lab. These included ”social distance priming” [5] and ”achievement goal priming” [6] and lonely people’s preferences for hot baths. [7] (However,in 2015 there was report of a successful repli- cation of the association between loneliness and bathing habits,published in the jour- nal Emotion,indicating a possible role for cultural differences in this case.) [8] In March 2015 yet another paper from Bargh lab was reported to be unreproducible: Rotteveel and colleagues sought to duplicate two studies by Chen & Bargh (1999) arguing that objects are evaluated automatically, triggering a tendency to approach or avoid. [9]

Education and academic career

Bargh was born in Champaign, Illinois. He attended the University of Illinois as an un- dergraduate, and the University of Michigan for post-graduate training under Robert Zajonc. He received his Ph.D. in 1981. That same year he was hired as an assistant professor at New York University, where he remained for 22 years. He has since been working at Yale where he has formed the Automaticity in Cognition, Motivation, and Evaluation (ACME) Laboratory.

Research

Bargh was influenced by the work of his PhD advisor at the University of Michigan, Robert Zajonc, who concentrated on the fundamental processes underlying behavior, including an emphasis on affect and cognition. Much of Zajonc’s work touched upon processes that occur outside of awareness. Bargh’s work in automaticity and uncon-scious processing further explores the extent to which information processing occurs outside of either intent or awareness.In contrast to Ellen Langer,who denigrated such mental processing as ”mindless”, Bargh followed the lead of William James in stating that automatized (or ”habitualized” in James’ terminology) processing can be a bene- ficial adaptation. Bargh’s research focuses on the influence of environmental stimuli on perception and behavior,automatic activation, the effects of conscious and uncon- scious priming, the psychological effects of physiological stimuli,and implicit cognition. Bargh’s concentration on the influence of unconscious and automatic behavior and cognition grows from a fundamental interest in the construct of ’free will.’

Influence of unconsciously perceived stimuli

Exposure to stimuli in the environment can influence how individuals make impressions of others. Bargh and Pietromonaco[10] randomly assigned subjects to be exposed to words that were either related to hostility or were neutral. The words were presented outside of the subjects’ conscious awareness. In a second task,all subjects were asked to read an ambiguous story about a man and rate him on various measures. Those subjects that were subliminally exposed to words related to hostility rated the man more negatively than those subjects in the control condition.

Automatic activation

Stimuli may be automatically evaluated in ways that affect behavior,an automatic eva- luation. In a study conducted by Chen and Bargh,[11] subjects were faster to pull a lever toward themselves (an approach tendency) when a word had a positive valence than a negative valence, and were similarly faster to push the lever away (an avoi- dance tendency) when the word had a negative valence compared to a positive va- lence. The ”sequential evaluative priming paradigm” [12] refers to the related pheno- menon of response times reducing when primed by stimuli with congruent valence. In an examination of the generality of the effects of this paradigm, Bargh, Chaiken, Go- vender and Pratto[13] show that simply seeing or hearing mention of stimuli triggers automatically activated evaluations. This occurs even when the subject has not been asked to think about their evaluation of the stimulus beforehand. It was further shown that novel stimuli are automatically evaluated and produce the same effect as nonno- vel stimuli: when positively valenced novel stimuli prime positively valenced targets, reaction time is faster. [14]

Stimuli presented outside of awareness have also been suggested to influence the interpretation of subsequent ambiguous and semantically-unrelated stimuli. Thus subjects asked to define homographs after being subliminally primed with positive, negative, or neutral valence words subsequently evaluated the valence of the ambiguous words with that of the prime.[15]

In Stereotype priming, subjects are primed with a stereotype or with people associa- ted with those stereotypes. Subsequent behavior tends to be consistent with the ste- reotype.[1] For instance, subjects primed with the concept of the elderly while doing a simple task,later walked more slowly when leaving the experiment than did subjects in the control group. Subjects that were primed with African American faces reacted with more hostility toward experimenters. The authors are clear in drawing a distinction between the priming used in these studies and the myth of subliminal messages. Whereas the latter were once thought to be able to influence people’s behavior in a way out of line with the individual’s intended behavior (i.e. to go buy a Pepsi while watching a movie), the automatic activation present in these studies was consistent with the activity at hand and therefore did not cause the subjects to alter their intended behavior.

Perception–behavior link

The Chameleon Effect refers to the unconscious tendency to mimic others’ beha- vior. Chartrand and Bargh discovered and named this effect after observing subjects unconsciously mimic confederates.[16] Subjects perform a task in which they work closely with a confederate that is trained to repeatedly engage in one of two beha- viors: rubbing his or her face or jiggling a knee. Subjects tend to mimic the behavior of the confederate, both when the confederate makes eye contact and smiles fre- quently at the subject and when the confederate does not make eye contact and was non-smiling. Furthermore, when confederates mimic the behavior of the participant, the participant later rates the confederate as more ‘likable’ than confederates who do not mimic behavior. This effect was shown to be more pronounced in people that are more dispositionally empathetic. The authors suggest that this unconscious mimicry could lead to greater group cohesion and coordination.

Goal formation/activation

Stimuli are often interpreted and assessed based on their relevance to our goals.[17] During goal pursuit, objects consistent with that goal are rated more positively than are goal-irrelevant objects tested in a sequential evaluative priming paradigm. These ratings also predict behavior towards those objects.[18]

Beyond this, Bargh suggested that associations between goals, their related beha- viors, and environments in which they are consistently pursued, can become linked in memory and be unconsciously activated to influence behavior without conscious awareness.[19] Unconscious goals are activated with priming, or the presentation of a cue that automatically activates its related mental representation of the goal, which triggers related behaviors. For instance, subjects primed with an achievement or cooperation goal perform better on an intelligence task compared to subjects who are not primed.[20]

Bargh suggests that unconscious goals are pursued flexibly, and automatically adapt to changing environments during tasks in the experiment.[21]

Bargh has also found that priming can influence self-regulation. Mere presentation of words associated with ”reappraisal” was contrasted with a conscious reappraisal group who also received the explicit instruction to try and reappraise their emotional state with a goal to regulate emotion. All subjects then gave a short oral presentation while having their heart rate monitored. Those merely perceiving reappraisal words were reported to have a significant reduction in heart rate, equal to that of subjects explicitly instructed to use reappraisal to control anxiety, despite not being aware of the primes.[22]

Physiology influencing psychology

Physical sensations may unconsciously translate into psychological interpretations. When subjects were asked to briefly hold a warm coffee mug, and then fill out an evaluation of a person described ambiguously, subjects reported warmer feelings toward the target person versus when they were asked to briefly hold an iced coffee. [23] In a second study,subjects in the ’cold’ condition were also more likely to choose a reward for themselves as opposed to giving the reward to their friend, whereas in the ’warm’ condition participants were more likely to choose the reward for their friend. The physical properties of objects that subjects are touching can similarly influence social impression formation and decision-making.[24] Bargh and his colleagues also found evidence of physical warmth influencing how giving and prosocial participants were. Those who held the warm beverage were more likely to choose a reward or gift for a friend than for themselves.[25] However three independent studies with larger samples failed to replicate the effect.[26]

Bargh and Shalev[27] are currently addressing how this psychological-physiological link can be used to regulate emotion. Correlational studies show that participants rated highly on a loneliness scale, also tend to take longer showers at higher water temperatures. In a follow-up study, a manipulation of physical warmth to make the subjects colder resulted in an increase on the loneliness scale.Altering one’s physical situation can thus result in emotional responses, even without conscious awareness. A paper by Donnellan and colleagues reported 9 failures to replicate the results of Bargh and Shalev. However, Bargh and Shalev have successfully replicated their studies, indicating cultural differences in bathing and showering habits.”[2]” They also noted that in the 2 studies in which Donellan et al. attempted to most closely follow their original procedure, they did replicate their original results, but not in the other 7 studies in which considerable procedural changes were made.

Free will

In ”Beyond Behaviorism”, Bargh and Ferguson[28] define both automatic and controlled processing as deterministic in nature, the difference being that the former occurs unintentionally and without volition, but that both are deterministic in that they have causes. They argue that most processing, including processing of stimuli that greatly influence behavior and decision making, occurs outside of consciousness. They suggest that only our inability to recognize the powerful activity occurring out- side of awareness leads some to believe that they are the masters of their choices.

Bargh posits, along with Daniel Wegner and other scientists in the field, that the concept of ’free will’ is an illusion.

Bargh and Earp [29] make this point explicit: ”Clearly it is motivating for each of us to believe we are better than average, that bad things happen to other people, not our- selves, and that we have free-agentic control over our own judgments and behavior — just as it is comforting to believe in a benevolent God and justice for all in an after- life. But the benefits of believing in free will are irrelevant to the actual existence of free will. A positive illusion,no matter how functional and comforting, is still an illusion.”

Elsewhere, Bargh has written: ”Free will is a problematic concept because of the word ’free.’ People confuse the word ’free will’ from ’will.’ If someone has a gun held to your head, are you acting freely? No. Since we’re studying causal mechanisms, you can’t say things are free from international causation. I’ve been surprised by my findings every step of the way.” [30]

Tuo hörönlörötys on pelkkää verbaalista paskaa ja kehäpäättelyä: sellaisen ”todistamista” ”järkeilemällä, joka jo tuotu ”määritelmillä” kehiin.

On tottaa , että ”vapaa tahto” on huonosti määritelty käsite, sillä ´vapaus´ sisäl- tyy jo ´tahtoon´ eli kykyyn tehdä vapaa valinta ja toimia sen mukaisesti!
Esimerkiksi Daniel Dennett on tuon rotumurha- ja muiden peilineuronitien hörönlörötyksen kumonnut vakuuttavasti.

https://www.salon.com/2014/12/28/the_truth_about_free_will_does_it_actually_exist/

The truth about free will: Does it actually exist?

Acclaimed philosopher Daniel Dennett explains why free will is much more complicated than many people believe


https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2015/02/tahto-vaan-vai-absoluuttisen-vapaa-tahto

https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2015/03/tahto-vaan-vai-absoluuttisen-vapaa-tahto-1

https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2015/02/vapaa-vai-tavallinen-tahto-2

https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2015/03/tahto-vaan-vai-absoluuttisen-vapaa-tahto-3

https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2017/08/sattuma-valttamattomyys-vapaus-ja-tahto

https://hameemmias.vuodatus.net/lue/2015/08/tahdonkiistajien-skitsolallatus-muka-fysiikkaan-perustuen-jatkuu-hesarissa